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Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau, Österreich
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau, Österreich
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau
Geschichte von St. Johann im Pongau, Österreich
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History

History of St. Johann im Pongau

 

About 60 km south of the city of Salzburg, in the broad valley of the Salzach at 615 m above sea level, you will find St. Johann im Pongau, the district capital of the Pongau. In recent decades, the town has experienced strong growth (1920: 3,360 inhabitants, 1991: 8,855 inhabitants, 2000: 10,261 inhabitants, 2005: 10,500 inhabitants, 2010: 10,700 inhabitants). The township looks back on a long and interesting history, first records date as early as the Bronze Age. Here is a historical retrospect into the past.


 

Location

First Traces Bronze Age

As early as during the Bronze Age (approx. 2000 BCE), the surroundings of today's town were populated, and further traces from the Celtic period and late Roman era have been found. 924 CE, the area of today's St.Johann was recorded in the Archbishop's records; dated 1074 there is the mention of "ad sanctum Johannem in villa.“

2000 BCE
Location

Market development from 1290 onwards

The development into the market is documented from 1290, as is the construction and dedication of a church at the present location around 1329. St. Johann got its weekly market in 1425. At the time of the peasant wars in 1525/26, the citizens of St. Johann joined the Protestant uprisings against the Archbishop of Salzburg, resulting in the plundering and destruction of the market.

From 1290 onwards
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16th and 17th centuries

After positive development in the 16th and 17th centuries (special sovereign rights and autonomous regional court), St. Johann suffered a great setback at the beginning of the 18th century with the expulsion of the Protestants. Of the approx. 20,000 expellees from the Pongau, who settled in East Prussia and North America, almost 2,500 came from St. Johann.

16th and 17th centuries
Location

Time of need in 1809

In 1809, the market experienced times of need in the course of the Napoleonic wars. (The area did only become part of Austria in 1816.) After the French wars, manifold economic development began, characterized by a variety of trades and a considerable livestock farming. On May 31, 1855, a great fire destroyed almost the entire town, including the church, which was rebuilt in Neo-Gothic style. In 1871, however, its tower collapsed. (Final completion of the "Pongau Dom" with two 62 m towers in 1876.) The Anna Chapel is the only remaining historical building from the Late Middle Ages.

1809
Location

World War I

During the First World War, St. Johann, which was then still made up of a market and rural community (merger 1938), mourned 118 fallen soldiers. In 1929 St. Johann received the right to bear its own coat of arms, which depicts the figure of St. John in the shield.

1929
Location

World War II

From 1938 to 1945 the municipality had to be named "Markt Pongau" and, during the Second World War, there were camps with prisoners of war from Yugoslavia, France, and the USSR in the municipal area, of which the Russian Cemetery still testifies today.

1945
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Construction activities from 1955

After the withdrawal of the US troops in 1955, brisk construction activity began in town. The economy experienced a rapid and sustained upswing, with trades, services, commerce, and tourism forming the pillars. As a result, St. Johann became the center of education.

From 1955 onwards
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Development of tourism

In recent years, tourism has become a major economic activity. The district of Alpendorf is known as a "holiday paradise" and an entry point to the Salzburg sports world and Ski amadé well beyond the borders of the country. The legendary gorge "Liechtenstein Gorge," which was opened to the public in 1876, is particularly popular and attracts more than a hundred thousand visitors annually.

1960
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2000 designation as town

On June 24, 2000, the name day of St. John, the market town of St. Johann was solemnly awarded the status of a town by the Salzburg state parliament. This is a great award and opens a new chapter in the history of St. Johann im Pongau.

2000
Location

Today in 2017

St. Johann im Pongau is the most populous municipality of the Pongau in the Province of Salzburg, with 10,929 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017). As the administrative center of the district, St. Johann is the seat of numerous institutions and offices, such as the district commission, the taxation office, and the district court.

2017
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